Swollen leg veins, called varicose veins, can be unattractive and cause complications as simple as leg swelling and as serious as deep vein thrombosis. At Vascular Surgery Specialists in Phoenix, Arizona, the vascular experts remove or treat varicose veins using various surgical and non-surgical techniques. Call the office or book an appointment online to address new or worsening varicose veins today.
Varicose veins are veins that pool with blood, expand, and bulge out on your skin’s surface. They often look twisted and purple or blue. They typically appear in your legs because of the system that allows for upward blood flow.
In order to make it back up to your heart, blood must flow upward through a series of venous valves that open and close. When valves are faulty or broken, your blood pools in the veins in your legs to form varicose veins.
If you get lots of varicose veins, you might be at risk of developing a complication called deep vein thrombosis (DVT). DVT occurs when blood clots form in the vessels in your legs. If they become dislodged, they can travel to your lungs and cause a life-threatening pulmonary embolism.
Varicose veins don’t cause symptoms for everyone; for many, they’re just a cosmetic concern. However, this isn’t always the case, and you can develop some uncomfortable or inconvenient symptoms due to varicose veins. Possible symptoms include:
By exercising regularly and taking other steps like wearing compression stockings, you can stop the varicose veins in your legs from getting worse. You should book an appointment with Vascular Surgery Specialists for diagnosis and treatment if your varicose veins continue to bother you or worsen.
Typically, Vascular Surgery Specialists starts treatment for varicose veins using noninvasive measures like compression stockings and leg elevation. They may use diagnostic tests like ultrasound imaging or an angiogram to observe the veins and their behavior.
As varicose veins tend to worsen with time, further treatment might eventually be necessary for you. Available treatments include:
Sclerotherapy involves a direct injection into a given varicose vein of a type of medication called a sclerosant. It causes the vein to constrict and eventually close.
Laser surgery uses laser light energy to close the targeted vein and cause it to fade.
During endovenous ablation, your provider makes a small incision into the vein and inserts a catheter. A device at the catheter’s tip heats the vein and causes it to close.
In severe cases, your provider might recommend vein stripping. They make small cuts in your skin to access the vein, tie it off, and remove it.
During this surgery, which your provider may recommend if you have leg ulcers, they use a small camera on a tube and a surgical device at the end of the camera to close your veins from within.
This procedure is for smaller varicose veins close to your skin’s surface. Your provider makes incisions to remove them directly.
To explore treatments for varicose veins in greater detail, call Vascular Surgery Specialists, or request an appointment online today.